Two words: melatonin and circadian rhythm.
Circadian rhythm is basically our 24-hour internal clock, which is affected by the daily pattern of feeding, body temperature, daylight and hormone release. This is why at some parts of the day you feel energetic. Mid-morning is typically shown as the time for our optimum concentration and it also helps to explain that dip around 3pm. That’s when I need my coffee and KitKat. Different hormone levels dip and rise throughout the day and at bedtime the hormone Melatonin starts to rise, creating the urge to fall asleep. However, sometimes babies need a helping hand establishing their circadian rhythm.
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